Now showing items 173-192 of 309

    • Genetic susceptibility to endomyocardial fibrosis 

      Andrea Beaton M.D; Craig Sable M.D; Juliette Brown PhD; Joshua Hoffman; Michael Mungoma M.D.; Charles Mondo M.D.; Nezith Cereb; Colin Brown PhD; Marshall Summar M.D; Jurgen Freers M.D; Maria Beatriz Ferreira MD; Magdi Yacoub M.D; Ana Olga Mocumbi M.D. (2014)
      Background: Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is the most common form of restrictive cardiomyopathy worldwide. It has been linked to poverty and various environmental factors, but—for unknown reasons—only some people who ...
    • Genome-wide association mapping revealed a diverse genetic basis of seed dormancy across subpopulations in rice (Oryza sativa L.) 

      Magwa, Risper Auma; Zhao, Hu; Xing, Yongzhong (BioMed Central, 2016-01-21)
      Seed dormancy is an adaptive trait employed by flowering plants to avoid harsh environmental conditions for the continuity of their next generations. In cereal crops, moderate seed dormancy could help prevent pre-harvest ...
    • Genomewide association analysis for awn length linked to the seed shattering gene qSH1 in rice 

      Magwa, Risper Auma; Zhao, Hu; Yao, Wen; Xie, Weibo; Yang, LIN; Xing, Yongzhong; Bai, Xufeng (Indian Academy of Sciences, 2016-09)
      Awn is one of the most important domesticated traits in rice (Oryza sativa). Understanding the genetic basis of awn length is important for grain harvest and production, because long awn length is disadvantageous for both ...
    • Harnessing Kenya’s Blue Economy: prospects and challenges 

      Rasowo, Joseph; Orina, Paul; Nyonje, Betty; Awuor, Salome; Olendi, Robert (JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN OCEAN REGION, 2020-10-13)
      Kenya enjoys a marine coastline of about 640 km giving a total area of territorial waters of 9700 km2 while the EEZ is 142,400 km2. She further lays claim to an extended EEZ of approximately 103,320 km2 and has 13,600 km2 ...
    • Heavy metal and associated antibiotic resistance of fecal coliforms, fecal streptococci and pathogens isolated from wastewaters of abattoirs in Nairobi, Kenya 

      Atieno, Nyamboya Rosemary; Owuo, Okemo Paul; Omwoyo, Ombori (Kenyatta University, 2013)
      Objective: The pollution of the environment with toxic heavy metals is increasing globally with industrial progress. Microorganisms can be good bio-accumulators of particulate and soluble forms of heavy metals and ...
    • High Dengue Burden and Circulation of 4 Virus Serotypes among Children with Undifferentiated Fever, Kenya, 2014–2017 

      Shah, Melisa M. Shah; Ndenga, Bryson A; Mutuku, Francis M.; . Vu, David M.; N., Elysse; Soyster, Grossi; Okuta, Victoria; Ronga, Charles O.; Chebii, Philip K.; Maina, Priscilla; Jembe, Zainab; Bosire, Carren M; Amugongo, Jael S.; Sahoo, Malaya K.; Huang, ChunHong; Weber, enna; Edgerton, Sean V.; Hortion, Jimmy; . Bennett, Shannon N.; . Pinsky, Benjamin A.; LaBeaud, A. Desiree (: Stanford University School of Medicine, 2014)
      ittle is known about the extent and serotypes of den gue viruses circulating in Africa. We evaluated the pres ence of dengue viremia during 4 years of surveillance (2014–2017) among children with febrile illness in Ke ...
    • High Frequency of Antibiotic Prescription in Children With Undifferentiated Febrile Illness in Kenya 

      . Hooft, Anneka M; Ndenga, Bryson; Mutuku, Francis; Otuka, Victoria; Ronga, Charles; Chebii, Philip K.; . Maina, Priscillah W; Jembe, Zainab; Lee, Justin; Vu, David M.; Mukoko, Dunstan; LaBeaud, A. Desiree (Oxford University, 2020)
      Background. In low-resource, malaria-endemic settings, accurate diagnosis of febrile illness in children is challenging. The World Health Organization (WHO) currently recommends laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of malaria ...
    • High Rates of O ’ Nyong Nyong and Chikungunya Virus Transmission in Coastal Kenya 

      LaBeaud, A. Desiree; Banda, Tamara; Brichard, Julie; Muchiri, Eric M; Munga, Peter L.; Mutuku, Francis M; Borland, Erin; Gildengorin, Ginny; Pfei, Sarah; Teng, Crystal Y.; Long, Kristin; Heise, Mark; Powers, Ann M.; Kitron, Urie; King, Charles H (PLOS Neglected Tropical Disease, 2015-02-06)
      Background Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and o’nyong nyong virus (ONNV) are mosquito-borne alpha- viruses endemic in East Africa that cause acute febrile illness and arthritis. The objectives of this study were to measure ...
    • High Rates of O’Nyong Nyong and Chikungunya Virus Transmission in Coastal Kenya 

      LaBeaud, A. Desiree; Banda, Tamara; Brichard, Julie; Muchiri, Eric M; Mungai, Peter L; Mutuku, Francis M; Borland, Erin; Gildengorin, Ginny; Pfeil, Sarah; Teng, Crystal Y; Long, Kristin; Heise, Mark; Powers, Ann M; Kitron, Uriel; King, Charles H (PLOS neglected tropical diseases, 2014-11-23)
      Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and o’nyong nyong virus (ONNV) are mosquito-borne alphaviruses endemic in East Africa that cause acute febrile illness and arthritis. The objectives of this study were to measure the seroprevalence ...
    • HOLISTICALLY PLACING THE ICT ARTEFACT IN CAPABILITY APPROACH 

      Egessa, Mathew Masinde; Liyala, Samuel (2021)
      This paper proposes a framework that holistically places the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Artefact in Capability Approach (CA). The framework harmonises the different conceptualisations of technology ...
    • Holistically placing the ICT artefacts in capability approach 

      Egessa, Mathew; Liyala, Samuel (2021)
      This paper proposes a framework that holistically places the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Artefacts in Capability Approach (CA). The framework harmonizes the different conceptualizations of technology ...
    • Homeobox Is Pivotal for OsWUS Controlling Tiller Development and Female Fertility in Rice 

      Mjomba, Frederick Mwamburi; Zheng, Yan; Liu, Huaqing; Tang, Weiqi; Hong, Zonglie (G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 2016-05-17)
      OsWUS has recently been shown to be a transcription factor gene critical for tiller development and fertility in rice. The OsWUS protein consists of three conserved structural domains, but their biological functions are ...
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Immunological Profiles among Suspected Tuberculosis Cases in Mombasa County, Kenya 

      Shadrack, Yonge; Michael, Otieno; Rekha, Sharma; Sarah, Nteka (Journal of Tuberculosis Research, 2016-03-22)
      Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major public health concern and cause of death globally including Kenya. HIV infection is characterised by CD4+ lymphocyte depletion manifested through the loss of the ...
    • Hypoglycemic effect of Helichrysum odoratissimum in alloxan induced diabetic mice 

      Njagi, Joan Murugi; Ngigi, Mathew Piero; Kibiti, Cromwell Mwiti; Ngeranwa, Joseph; Njue, Wilson; Gathumbi, Peter; Njagi, Eliud (The J ournal of Phytopharmacology, 2015-02)
      Diabetes mellitus is a disease of antiquity with worrying global incidence and prevalence. Conventional management and/or treatment interventions have been hampered by drawbacks like high costs, inaccessibility, ...
    • Hypoglycemic effect of Helichrysum odoratissimum in alloxan induced diabetic mice 

      Joan Murugi Njagi; Mathew Piero Ngugi; Cromwell Mwiti Kibiti; Joseph Ngeranwa; Wilson Njue; Peter Gathumbi; Eliud Njagi (The Journal of Phytopharmacology, 2015)
      Diabetes mellitus is a disease of antiquity with worrying global incidence and prevalence. Conventional management and/or treatment interventions have been hampered by drawbacks like high costs, inaccessibility, likelihood ...
    • HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECTS OF CAESALPINIA VOLKENSII ON ALLOXAN-INDUCED DIABETIC MICE 

      Njagi Joan Murugi; Ngugi Mathew Piero; Kibiti Cromwell Mwiti; Ngeranwa N. J. Joseph; Njagi Eliud N. Mwaniki; Njue M. Wilson; Maina David; Gathumbi Peter Karuri (Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 2012)
      Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder caused by inherited and/or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced by the target cells. Most conventional ...
    • Impact of Drought on the Spatial Pattern of Transmission of Schistosoma haematobium in Coastal Kenya 

      Mutuku, Francis M; King, Charles H.; Bustinduy, Amaya; Mungai, Peter L; Muchi ri, Eric M; Kitron, Uriel (The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2011)
      We analyzed temporal changes in spatial patterns of active Schistosoma haematobium infection in different age groups and associated them with ponds infested with Bulinus snails. A major drought between 2001 and 2009 ...
    • The impact of capacitor coupled sub-station in rural electrification of sub-Saharan Africa 

      Michael Juma Saulo and Charles Trevor Gaunt (International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 2015)
      The overall electricity access rate is still very low in most sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The rate is even lower in rural areas where most of the population in these countries lives. One of the main obstacles to ...
    • The impact of crude solid waste disposal on the Air-shed conditions of Mwakirunge-Kisauni, Mombasa County, Kenya 

      Saeed Mwaguni (International Journal of Advance Research, 2014)
      This paper presents the effects of crude disposal of solid waste on the air-shed conditions of the Mwakirunge dump site. The dumpsite is located within the air route for aircrafts approaching the Moi International Airport. ...
    • Impact of Drought on the Spatial Pattern of Transmission of Schistosoma haematobium in Coastal Kenya 

      Mutuku, Francis M; King, Charles H; Bustinduy, Amaya L; Mungai, Peter L; Muchiri, Eric M; Kitron, Uriel (The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2011)
      We analyzed temporal changes in spatial patterns of active Schistosoma haematobium infection in different age groups and associated them with ponds infested with Bulinus snails. A major drought between 2001 and 2009 ...