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dc.contributor.authorArika, Wycliffe Makori
dc.contributor.authorKibiti, Cromwell Mwiti
dc.contributor.authorNjagi, Joan Murugi
dc.contributor.authorNgugi, Mathew Piero
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-27T12:17:51Z
dc.date.available2020-04-27T12:17:51Z
dc.date.issued2019-12
dc.identifier.other7359235
dc.identifier.urihttps://ir.tum.ac.ke/handle/123456789/17311
dc.descriptionThe original publication found at https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7359235.en_US
dc.description.abstractObesity is the main component of metabolic syndromes involving distinct etiologies that target different underlying behavioral and physiological functions within the brain structures and neuronal circuits. An alteration in the neuronal circuitry stemming from abdominal or central obesity stimulates a cascade of changes in neurochemical signaling that directly or indirectly mediate spontaneously emitted behaviors such as locomotor activity patterns, anxiety, and exploration. Pharmacological agents available for the treatment of neurologic disorders have been associated with limited potency and intolerable adverse effects. These have necessitated the upsurge in the utilization of herbal prescriptions due to their affordability and easy accessibility and are firmly embedded within wider belief systems of many people. Gnidia glauca has been used in the management of many ailments including obesity and associated symptomatic complications. However, its upsurge in use has not been accompanied by empirical determination of these folkloric claims. The present study, therefore, is aimed at determining the modulatory effects of dichloromethane leaf extract of Gnidia glauca on locomotor activity, exploration, and anxiety-like behaviors in high-fat diet-induced obese rats in an open-field arena. Obesity was experimentally induced by feeding the rats with prepared high-fat diet and water ad libitum for 6 weeks. The in vivo antiobesity effects were determined by oral administration of G. glauca at dosage levels of 200, 250, and 300 mg/kg body weight in high-fat diet-induced obese rats from the 6th to 12th week. Phytochemical analysis was done using gas chromatography linked to mass spectroscopy. Results indicated that Gnidia glauca showed anxiolytic effects and significantly increased spontaneous locomotor activity and exploration-like behaviors in HFD-induced obese rats. The plant extract also contained phytocompounds that have been associated with amelioration of the main neurodegenerative mediators, viz., inflammation and oxidative stress. These findings provide “qualified leads” for the synthesis of new alternative therapeutic agents for the management of neurologic disorders. However, there is a need to conduct toxicity studies of Gnidia glauca to establish its safety profiles.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipTechnical University of Mombasaen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherHindawi Behavioural Neurologyen_US
dc.subjectDCM Leaf Extract of Gnidia glaucaen_US
dc.subjectLocomotor Activity, Anxiety, and Exploration-Like Behaviorsen_US
dc.subjectHigh-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Ratsen_US
dc.titleEffects of DCM Leaf Extract of Gnidia glauca (Fresen) on Locomotor Activity, Anxiety, and Exploration-Like Behaviors in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Ratsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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