HOLISTICALLY PLACING THE ICT ARTEFACT IN CAPABILITY APPROACH
Egessa, Mathew Masinde
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This paper proposes a framework that holistically places the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Artefact in Capability Approach (CA). The framework harmonises the different conceptualisations of technology within CA-based frameworks in ICT4D, in order to address the inconsistencies. To illustrate the framework, while simultaneously addressing the highest thematic research gap among post-2015 ICT4D research priorities, the study collected primary data from users of Pay As-You-Go (PAYGO) Solar Home Systems who reside in rural Kenya. Using the framework, the study revealed that the ICT-artefact can holistically be conceptualised within three of CA’s concepts: under material resources as a capability input; as a new category of conversion factors (technological conversion factors); and as a component within the structural context. The study further demonstrated how the same ICT artefact could play out in the three different conceptualisations, resulting in different development outcomes for individuals. The study finally presents the implications for policy and practice.