DETERMINING THE MEAN DIFFERENCES IN STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE BASED ON TYPE OF ACCOMMODATION
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Students’ residence is an essential component in any tertiary institution. It is a fundamental factor in the learning process and plays a crucial role on the academic performance of students. This study investigated academic performance with respect to type of accommodation in the Kenyan Universities, case study of the Technical University of Mombasa. Sample of 380 students were selected from Technical University of Mombasa. Out of the sample 165 were living within the university premises while 215 were staying outside the university premises. Stratified sampling and simple random sampling was used to pick the students. Z test was used to test the hypothesis that the mean performance of the students based on residence does not differ significantly. Results show that off-campus group had a higher mean in performance (M = 56, SD = 6.211) compared to their counterparts (M = 53, SD = 5.55). A density plot showed that the two types of accommodation overlap largely in terms of probability density function. Further results showed that the mean difference was statistically significant at 5% level of significance (z = 2.0591, p-value = 0.03948). Therefore, it can be concluded that there are significant differences in mean academic performance based on type of residence. The off-campus seemed to be performing better than the on-campus group. Therefore, type of accommodation affects student’s performance in Public Universities.